• Iraq needs 24,000 – 30,000 megawatts of electricity, but its output is 14,000 – 18,000 megawatts.
  • Iraq's production of solar energy amounts to 1000 MW in 2018 and bringing the production to about 2000 megawatts by 2025. (Iraqi Investment Authority).
  • Iraq is a pioneer in Renewable Energy Research. In 1981, Iraq witnessed the construction of the first Renewable Energy research centre in the Middle East. However, scientific progress in this area slowed after 2003.
  • The environmental conditions of Iraq are ideal for Renewable Energy projects. The heat of the sun, that some may find severe, is very suitable for use in solar energy. Iraq has about 300 sunny days a year.
  • In addition to sun, Iraq is characterised in the summer by two types of wind. (50 km / h). From mid-June until mid-September, the prevailing winds are northern (north and north-west).
  • In 2006, as a result of unstable conditions and continued power cuts, Iraq witnessed modest solar energy projects. These attempts doubled in late 2010, with the development of the Renewable Energy Center, and the development of a program for 2012 and 2015 focusing on construction power plants, the production of solar heaters, and the lighting of public roads.
  • Some of the attempts at renewable energy initiated by Baghdad University, Departments of Energy Engineering and Environment, Nahrain Research Center for Renewable Nanomaterials.
  • The Nahrain Research Center for Renewable Nanomaterials has initiated the research and development of solar research in all its aspects and the introduction of nanotechnology on solar designs for the first time in Iraq.
  • The Departments of Energy Engineering and Environment, supervise projects to generate renewable energy based on wind and solar energy.
  • At the end of 2017, the government signed contracts for the installation and operation of Renewable Energy plants in the provinces of Muthanna and Najaf.
  • To promote sustainable energy, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is providing technical and capacity and building support to the Iraqi government aiming to integrate the Renewable Energy source of solar photovoltaic in the energy mix to meet the country’s electricity demand.
  • In April 2018, The Ministry of Electricity signed a contract for the installation and operation of three photovoltaic solar plants with the Jordanian company El Gouna, with a total capacity of 175 megawatts in Anbar and Wasit governorates.